Category: Geek

Zorin OS 12.3 Linux Distro Released: Download The Perfect Windows Replacement

zorin os 12.3 Files-Folders

Now listen to Fossbytes stories!

While listing out the best distros for a Linux beginner, the ease of use and
installation are the most critical factors. Such qualities make
distros like Linux Mint, Ubuntu, and Zorin OS the most
recommended options. In case you’re also concerned about your
privacy and security, a shift to the world of Linux becomes a
more obvious option.

Calling itself a replacement for Windows and macOS, Zorin OS
has been established as a beginner-friendly option that offers
a smooth ride while making the transition. The latest Zorin OS 12.3
works to strengthen the basics of the operating
system and polishes the whole experience.

What’s new in Zorin OS 12.3

While the number of applications available for Linux distros
keeps on increasing each day, there are some cases when one
misses Windows system. To help you out in such cases, the
latest Wine 3.0 for running Windows apps has been built into
Zorin OS 12.3. This means that you can now enjoy a better
experience with Windows apps.

With the addition of Direct3D 10 and 11 support in Wine 3.0,
you get access to even a bigger library of games in Zorin OS.

zorin os 12.3 Files-Folders

Talking about the looks and feels, with the user feedback, the
team has worked to make the Zorin OS desktop more intuitive.
Now one can select custom colors to folders and attach file

In case you’re printing a document, a new indicator appears on
its own in the panel. You can also use the Windows List layout
in Zorin OS 12.3 and pin/label apps directly from the panel.

It goes without saying that the Linux 4.13-powered Zorin OS
ships with all the updated packages for a better out-of-the-box

Download Zorin OS 12.3

Zorin OS comes in different versions: Core, Lite, Ultimate,
Business, and Education. You can visit this link and download them as
per your need. The existing users of 12.2 can install the
latest updates from Software Updater and shift to 12.3.

Give it a try and share your feedback in the comments section
below. Keep reading Fossbytes.

Also Read: Linux Beats Windows To Become
The Most Popular Development Platform: Stack Overflow Survey

World’s Top VPN Provider, Private Internet Access (PIA), Goes Open Source

In the past decade, the market for VPN services has grown at a
rapid pace. There many reputed services available that provide
security and give you peace of mind. Private Internet Access
is one such well-known VPN provider that has also
found #2 spot on our list of best VPN services.

PIA has gone one step ahead to gain the trust of more users.
The company has announced that
it has started the process of open sourcing their software.
Over the next half-year, Private Internet Access will release
the source code of all its client-side applications,
extensions, and libraries.

Earlier, the customers who didn’t wish to run their proprietary
app had the option to use their OpenVPN gateway. Now with open
source, the paranoid privacy geeks will have the option to look
into their app and see how things are working.

Moreover, as it happens in open source community, the community
can take the code, reuse it for personal applications or help
PIA improve it.

Starting today, PIA has first shared the code of its Chrome
extension that allows users to access PIA proxies via the web
browser. It also comes with features like disabling the camera,
microphone, flash, etc. Find the code here on GitHub.

As said above, the company plans to release all its client side
code into the open and hopes to get feedback.

In case you wish to read about their VPN performance in detail,
read our review of Private
Internet Access (PIA).

Ubuntu 18.04: Up To 10% Faster Installation, Won’t Include New GTK Theme

The development of Ubuntu 18.04 Bionic Beaver LTS is going on
in full swing. Just recently, we were greeted with the Beta 1 releases for opt-in
flavors. We’ve also prepared an always updated article on the
Ubuntu 18.04 features to
make sure that you stay in the know.

Talking about the changes coming to the upcoming LTS release, a
new GTK theme to give Ubuntu a makeover was among the most
anticipated ones. However, it looks like the current Ambiance
GTK theme will be shipping with 18.04.

As per OMGUbuntu, Bionic
Beaver won’t ship the new theme as it has lots of outstanding
bugs and “on-going gaps in corner-case usage.” It goes without
saying that the theme also lacks real-world testing on a
broader scale. It makes sense as the developers would
definitely wish to ship a completely stable theme for a
release with five years of support.

The theme which is under development by the community is being
called CommuniTheme; it’s based on Adwaita, the default
upstream GNOME theme.

But don’t worry. Not everything’s lost.

The team has planned to include the theme in Ubuntu 18.10
development cycle to ensure more extensive testing. Moreover,
it could also be turned into a Snap app to add a new GNOME
session to the login screen. It’ll ensure that users can get
the taste of the new theme at the earliest, without any need to
install tweaks, etc.

In related news, as per a recent posting on
Ubuntu mailing list, the development team is adding support for
zstd compression algorithm developed by Facebook.

Zstd offers higher decompression speed as compared to
xz and gzip. By running zstd at level 19, the team
has been able to achieve a faster installation speed of about

The devs are also considering to give this implementation a
feature freeze exception. By 18.10 release, they also expect to
turn it on by default.

Read other upcoming changes coming to Ubuntu 18.04 here in
this dedicated article.

Debian GNU/Linux For Windows 10 Now Available In Microsoft Store

Just yesterday, we told you about the availability of Kali Linux on Microsoft
. This allowed the users to add the penetration distro
to the Windows Subsystem for Linux. What’s more exciting is
that you can install multiple distros side by side on WSL.

The latest distro to join this crop is Debian GNU/Linux, which
is also called The Universal Operating System. In a blog post,
Microsoft announced that now one can download and install
Debian via the Microsoft Store.

Linux enthusiasts must be knowing that Debian is known to be a
stable and free operating system that people can use for
general work purpose at home or office. It could also be used
for server and cloud deployments.

“You will be able to use a complete Debian command line
environment for the current stable release (9/stretch),”
according to Debian’s Microsoft Store description.

If you’ve tried WSL in the past, you’d be aware of the simple
steps you need to take to get Debian GNU/Linux up and running
in Windows 10. Otherwise, feel free to read this previous article
on Ubuntu and openSUSE installation from Windows Store. You
just need to visit this Microsoft Store
 and rest of the steps are same.

What are your thoughts on these latest additions of Linux
distros in Windows 10? Share your views in the comments

Also Read: Top 10 Best Linux Distros For
2018 — Ultimate Distro Choosing Guide

Top 10 Best Linux Distros For 2018 — Ultimate Distro Choosing Guide

ubuntu 17.10 gnome default

We’re well into 2018 and I think some of you might have boarded
the Linux train in the recent past. While the world of Linux
does offer tons of choice, it might get overwhelming at first.
That’s why we’ve prepared this guide to help you select the
best Linux distro to suit your needs. Some distros perform
better at one kind of task, some are all-rounders, and so on.
So, let’s get started and find the best fit for you:

Distro choosing guide: Best distros for 2018 as per your need

1. Best distro for beginners: Linux Mint

linux mint 18.3 beta cinnamon

The popularity of open source software and Linux is rising with
each passing year, and more people are learning Linux. For
those users, selecting Linux distro with smooth learning curve
is of primary importance. This ease-of-usage is the most worthy
point that is kept in mind while recommending a Linux distro
for beginners. You can read my complete list of recommended
Linux distros for beginners.

Linux Mint is one of the fastest growing Linux distros around.
It keeps challenging Ubuntu when it comes to the popularity.
Added to that, Linux Mint has established itself as a perfect
replacement for Windows operating system with its
nearly-perfect desktop experience. Another reason why I’m
calling it the best Linux distro for a new user is its ability
to provide an out-of-the-box experience to the user. It means
that you don’t need to spend tons of time installing the distro
and packages before you can get some real work done. It doesn’t
have a heavier footprint, which is another added point.

Why is Mint best for beginners?

  • Easy-to-use Cinnamon desktop
  • Large, supportive community
  • Out-of-the-box experience
  • Access to Ubuntu software repository

Visit Linux Mint’s website here.

2. Best Linux distro for old hardware: Ubuntu MATE

ubuntu mate 17.10 1

For people who believe in the importance of internet security,
seeing Windows XP running around in government offices and
banks is frustrating. However, we have many reliable and secure
alternatives in the form of Linux distributions. While deciding
the best Linux distro for outdated hardware, the low footprint
and lightness is the primary factor.

For 2018, I’ll recommend you to go for Ubuntu MATE. 17.10 that
turned out to be the most important release of Ubuntu MATE and
it brought tons of new features as well. Depending on your
preference, you can choose from tons of layout options like
Mutiny, Cupertino, Traditional, Netbook, Redmond, etc.

The minimum hardware requirement for Ubuntu MATE is just 512MB.
There are other more lightweight distros like Puppy
Linux and Bodhi Linux as well, but Ubuntu MATE manages to
strike the perfect balance between footprint and performance.

Why choose Ubuntu MATE for old machines?

  • Tons of layout options
  • Active user community
  • Perfect performance-lightness balance
  • Ubuntu software repository access

To get its ISO images, visit Ubuntu MATE website.

3. Best Linux for ethical hacking: Kali Linux

Kali Linux 2016.2 LXDE

As the majority of articles on Fossbytes focus on open source
and security subjects, it goes without saying that our readers
love to read pieces that deal with the intersection of both the
worlds. That’s why our list of hacking tools for Linux and top
distros for penetration testing get most hits.

When it comes explicitly to the best Linux distros for ethical
purposes, there’s absolutely no match for Kali
Linux. There are other popular options like Parrot OS,
BlackArch Linux, etc., as well.

Kali Linux comes with hundreds of useful tools that belong to
different categories like vulnerability analyses, wireless
attacks, web applications, exploitation tools, stress testing,
forensic tools, etc. Based on Debian Testing branch, most of
the packages in the distro are imported from Debian repos.

Apart from full-featured desktops, Kali can also be installed
on Raspberry Pi, Ordroid, Chromebook, BeagleBone, etc. It’s
also available for Android smartphones with the arrival of Kali

Why install Kali for ethical hacking?

  • Regular rolling release model
  • Tons of tried and tested ethical hacking tools
  • Solid Debian base
  • Vast learning resource

Visit Kali Linux website for downloads.

4. Linux distro for gaming: Steam OS

steamos 2.115Steam OS 2.115

Even today, gamers refrain themselves from going down the Linux
road. Well, they can’t be blamed given the lower availability
of games for Linux platform. However, the scenario has changed
in the past couple of years as more and more titles have been
released for Linux. Out of lots of gaming distros, Steam OS is
the go-to choice for most of the gamers.

Steam OS comes with additional Linux kernel tweaks to ensure
that one gets better gaming performance as compared to the
other distros. It also provides extensive support for GPUs,
gamepads, and other hardware.

It’s created by Valve, the company behind the online game
distribution platform Steam. This top distro for 2018 has been
specially designed to play the games available on Steam Store.
Loaded with GNOME desktop environment, Steam OS has also gained
popularity as a top gaming solution due to Steam boxes.

Why play games on Steam OS?

  • Focus on gaming, limited features for other tasks
  • Appealing user interface
  • Compatible with large variety of gaming hardware
  • Huge library of games on Steam Store.

Grab Steam OS for gaming

5. Linux distro for programming: Debian


I don’t think there’s a need to stress the fact that most of
the Linux users are either developers who use it on a daily
basis to create something new, or they are open source
enthusiasts of some kind. Many Linux distros can turn out to be
suitable for programmers as
per their requirements. They can install all the needed tools,
but Debian GNU/Linux is often suggested as the best option.

Debian Testing branch has a vast collection of packages which
have a reputation for being regularly tested, updated, and
rock-solid. This stability allows a programmer to take care of
the development with peace of mind. However, one should keep in
mind that Debian is only recommended for programmers who have
an experience of working with Linux. In case you’re a beginner,
you should go with Ubuntu LTS release or some other stable
Linux distro by your personal preference.

Why choose Debian for programming?

  • Rock-solid platform for development
  • Large number of packages
  • Popular .deb package management

Debian website for ISO download and
more information.

6. Most beautiful Linux distro: elementary OS

elementary-os-0-4-loki-system-settingselementaryOS 0.4

Most beautiful Linux distro isn’t a criterion which can judge
an operating system’s capabilities in the true sense, but it
plays a major role whenever someone is choosing a new distro.
Thanks to the flexibility offered by Linux ecosystem,
developers can create new and appealing distros. In my
opinion and experience, Ubuntu-based elementary OS is the most
beautiful Linux distro which is also known for its unparalleled

This fast and open source replacement for Windows and macOS
borrows some design elements from macOS. Shipping without many
default Ubuntu applications, elementary OS delivers a
lightweight experience as well. With its GNOME-based Pantheon
desktop environment, elementary OS is deeply integrated with
its applications like Plank, Epiphany, and Scratch. Overall, it
can be used by experienced and beginners alike to carry out
daily computing tasks.

Why choose looks of elementary OS?

  • Lightweight desktop
  • macOS-like appearance
  • Lesser applications, slick interface

Visit elementary OS website for

7. Linux distro for kids: Ubermix


These days, learning Linux and open source technologies could
be of great importance due to increasing demand in the
industry. But, what about kids? In case you’re wondering if
there are some great Linux distros created for
. Well, look no further as these free operating systems
are easy to set up and use.

Ubermix is a kid-friendly Linux distro that I’d recommend. This
free and specially-built operating system also comes with touch
support, which makes it a great choice for kids who love to
explore stuff using their hands. It tries to become a great
tool for both students and teachers. Thanks to its 5-minute
installation, 60 useful free pre-loaded applications, and
20-second recovery process, Ubermix acts as a powerful distro
for students and teachers.

Why choose Ubermix for kids?

  • Stores software and data in different partitions for safety
  • Fast installation and recovery
  • Powerful distro for kids
  • Touchscreen support available

Visit Ubermix website for more

8. Linux distro for privacy and anonymity: Tails

tails-2-7-live-cd-1Tails 2.7

If I tell you that Edward Snowden used (uses) Tails Linux
distro for carrying out his communications and browsing the
web, some of you might wonder what’s the reason behind this
choice. Some of you would be having a rough idea. As its
name–The Amnesic Incognito Live System–suggests, Tails is a
popular choice for secure web browsing.

Tails live operating system can be booted on almost any
computer using a DVD or USB image. This Debian-based secure
distro makes sure that all Internet connections are forced to
go through the Tor network. With this, you end up leaving no
trace on the computer. It also comes with many cryptographic
tools that help you encrypt your emails, files, and instant
messaging. There are other options as well for
privacy-focused minds.

Why choose Tails for anonymity?

  • Forces every connection via Tor network
  • Stores everything in RAM for no trace
  • Also suitable for general use
  • Built-in encryption suite

Visit Tails website for download

9. Linux distro for servers: CentOS

centos-7CentOS 7

Can you imagine setting up a server on a Linux distro that’s
known for its instability or frequent crashes in the middle of
something? The answer to this question is pretty obvious. Other
factors that matter are hardware support, security, power
efficiency, and optimized performance. There are many free and paid
for such scenarios, and CentOS is my
recommendation in this category.

RHEL enjoys the same kind of position in enterprise arena which
is enjoyed by Ubuntu in Linux desktop world. CentOS is the way
to grab RHEL benefits without spending a single fee. In other
words, CentOS is community supported RHEL. As its binary
compatible with RHEL and its repositories have all the tried
and tested software, you can use it as your production system
or server. It’s also famous as a general-purpose Linux distro.

Why choose CentOS for servers?
  • Free version of RHEL
  • Popular rpm and yum package management
  • Widespread support across tech industry
  • Long-term support

Visit CentOS website for download

10. Linux distro for powerful PC and laptop: Ubuntu

ubuntu 17.10 gnome defaultUbuntu 17.10

Canonical’s Ubuntu needs no introduction in the world of open
source. Based on Debian architecture, Ubuntu has managed to
balance stability and new features like no other distro. That’s
why it enjoys unparalleled popularity. If you’re running a
computer with limited hardware capability, you should try out
Ubuntu flavors like Ubuntu MATE, Xubuntu, or Lubuntu.

For powerful PCs and laptops, flagship Ubuntu running GNOME
desktop is perfect. With the introduction of Snaps, installing
applications has become more comfortable. It also has a
thriving user community and forums where you can find the
answer to any issue. Overall, Ubuntu is a pretty capable Linux
distro that lets you multitask and complete your work with

Why choose Ubuntu for powerful PCs?
  • Lots of software
  • Vast community and supportive forums
  • User-friendly and poweful
  • Snaps of popular applications

Visit Ubuntu website for download

Want something else? There’s more

That’s not all. There are many more categories of Linux
distributions available; you can get one for disk management,
rescue CD, Raspberry Pi, multimedia production, Docker, NAS,
media center, etc. However, in this article, I’ve restricted
myself to the popular categories. In future updates, I’ll be
adding more categories to this best Linux distro choosing guide
to help out more readers.

Keep reading Fossbytes and do share the name of your favorite
Linux distro in comments below.

Also Read: 10 Best Linux Desktop
Environments And Their Comparison

Ubuntu 18.04 Will Be A “First-class” VM Guest In Microsoft Hyper-V

ubuntu vm hyper v

If you’re a Linux enthusiast who loves to try out new Linux
distros and see how they look and feel, you must have used some
virtualization software. Such tools are even more popular among
developers and IT admins to sandbox processes for better

In a blog post
(Via: The Register),
Microsoft has announced that it’s making the Linux
virtualization experience better and aiming to make it as good
as Windows client VM experience. To do so, the company
collaborated with XRDP to bring an open source implementation
of Microsoft’s RDP protocol to Linux.

As a result, the company is making Ubuntu 18.04 a “first-class”
guest under Microsoft Hyper-V. It’ll bring benefits to your
session like copying-pasting to Linux VM. A brief list of major
features is here:

  • Window Resizing
  • Drive Redirection
  • Integrated Clipboard
  • Better Mouse experience

ubuntu vm hyper vImages: Microsoft

While this feature is currently under development and it’ll be
arriving with Ubuntu 18.04 LTS, you can find steps to get this
functionality in 16.04 in the blog post linked earlier in this

Once Ubuntu 18.04 is released, you’ll be able to find an Ubuntu
18.04 image in Hyper-V Quick Create Gallery. After this, with
just three clicks you’ll be able to get an Ubuntu VM running on
your system.

Did you find this functionality coming to Hyper-V interesting?
Share your views and keep reading Fossbytes.

Also Read: Microsoft’s Quantum
Programming Language Arrives On Linux And Mac; Libraries Open

Ubuntu 18.04 LTS Bionic Beaver — Release Date And 9 Biggest Features

the release of Ubuntu 17.10 Artful Aardvark,
Canonical CEO Mark Shuttleworth announced that Ubuntu 18.04,
which would be an LTS release, is going to be called “Bionic Beaver.” While Beaver
refers to a large, amphibious rodent with smooth fur and sharp
teeth, Bionic is an ode to the robotics and artificial body

We also conducted a little poll on Fossbytes regarding the
name. About 80% visitors loved the codename. Others suggested
names like Ballsy Baboon, Busy Bee, Bumble Bee, etc. This also
brings us to the next step, i.e., exploring what could be the
expected features of Ubuntu 18.04 LTS. In case you’re running
an LTS release and planning to make perform the upgrade to
18.04, things are surely going to be pretty exciting for you.

But, before digging into the features aspect, let’s tell you
about the Ubuntu 18.04 release date.

Ubuntu 18.04 Release Schedule:

Canonical has made the Bionic Beaver release schedule public and
expected release date isn’t surprising. The first Alpha for
opt-in flavors is expected to ship on January 4th, 2018. The
final stable release will be available on April 26th, 2018.
Currently, you can grab the daily builds for your testing

  • Alpha 1 Release: 4th January
  • Alpha 2 Release: 1st February
  • Feature Freeze, Debian Import Freeze: 1st March
  • Beta 1 Release: 8th March
  • Final Beta Release: 5th April
  • Final Freeze, Release Candidate: 19th April
  • Final Ubuntu 18.04 release: 26th

Ubuntu desktop development process is known to follow a strict
timeline, so the above dates should turn out to be pretty
accurate. Due to some minor hiccups in the development process,
a few changes could also be made by Canonical. Still, this
gives a pretty solid idea regarding when you should be planning
the next Ubuntu release party.

Ubuntu 18.04 LTS Features

1. GNOME 3.28 desktop

In case you haven’t tried Ubuntu 17.10 Artful Aardvark, 18.04
LTS is going to be a whole new experience for you. With 17.10,
Canonical has already made a shift to GNOME desktop as default
with some tweaks. So, for existing LTS users, things are going
to be pretty new.

About the GNOME version, we can expect GNOME 3.28 to ship with

2. Kernel 4.15

“Every 6 months the Ubuntu Kernel Team is tasked to pick the
kernel to be used in the next release. We look at the Ubuntu
release schedule and how that will line up with the upstream
kernel releases,” the Ubuntu Kernel Team wrote in a recent
post. The team expects that Linux kernel 4.15 will power Ubuntu

3. New desktop and icon theme

Even though Ubuntu 17.10 has undergone an overhauling with
GNOME desktop, its look still resembles a lot like earlier
versions of Ubuntu. Based on the general feedback from

4. Xorg by default

Due in April 2018, the next LTS release will ship with both
traditional Xorg graphics and new Wayland-based stack. However,
Xorg will be the default. The Ubuntu development team has
listed different reasons for this choice, including a better
performance of software like Hangouts, Skype, and WebRTC
services, in Xorg. It also recovers better from Shell crashes.
For Ubuntu 18.10, the team will again re-evaluate Wayland as
the default.

5. Minimal installation option

Along with the upcoming Ubuntu 18.04 LTS release, the users
will be able to perform a lean installation of Ubuntu.
This option will strip away lots of software packages and
you’ll get a system will a desktop environment, web browser,
core system tools, and no much more. This option will appear in
Ubuntu installer. Please note that it isn’t a replacement for
pre-existing Ubuntu Minimal ISO.

6. Ubuntu will collect some data

As per a recent announcement made on Ubuntu mailing list,
Canonical will start collecting some user data related to system
configuration and installed packages on the machine. Starting
from Ubuntu 18.04 LTS, this opt-out option will be provided in
the installer. Read about this expected feature in detail here.

7. New installer for Ubuntu Server

With Ubuntu 18.04, Canonical will finally refresh the Ubuntu
Server’s command line installer. The new installer
named Subiquity will be the default one in upcoming LTS
release. This change will give it a new look to server
installation process, which had been Debian’s text-based
installer till now.

8. Support for color emojis

Yes, colorful emojis are finally coming to Ubuntu desktop. This
new feature will let you display color emoji in different apps.
Even though many die-hard Linux fans will deny that it’s a
development worth much attention, emojis are important of
today’s messaging and communication. So, being able to see
emojis in their colorful attire is pleasing.

9. Faster boot time

Canonical is also working to speed up the boot-time of Ubuntu
by using systemd’s features. This is an exciting change and
it’ll be interesting to see what the desktop team manages to
achieve in this area.

Note: This is a continuously updated article.
We’ll be updating it to add new features that are going to be a
part of final Ubuntu 18.04 LTS release. Keep

Also Read: 10 Best Linux Desktop
Environments And Their Comparison

Ubuntu Adds New “Minimal Installation” Option For Fewer Preinstalled Packages

Now listen to Fossbytes stories!

The development of the next Ubuntu LTS release, i.e., Ubuntu
18.04 Bionic Beaver, is going on in full swing. The desktop
development team has decided to add a new option in the
installation process that allows you to perform a lean
installation of Ubuntu.

As reported by OMGUbuntu, this
option appears during the installation process. If you choose
the minimal install option, lots of software packages are
stripped away, and you get an Ubuntu installation with a
desktop environment, core system tools, web browser, and not
much more.

This option will appear in the Ubuntu installer (Ubiquity) in
the section where are you asked if you wish to install
restricted multimedia playback codecs.

To be precise, this option removes about 80 packages, including
the likes of Transmission, LibreOffice, Cheese, Rhythmbox,
Thunderbird, etc. So, if you’re a person who deletes tons of
software soon after a clean installation of Ubuntu, this option
will be useful.

However, if you love what Canonical offers with default
configuration and you make little changes, you don’t need to do
anything. This is an opt-in option, so you don’t have to worry
in that case.

It’s also worth noting that this change shouldn’t be considered
a replacement for the Ubuntu Minimal ISO. At least this is what
appears to be the case right now.

Which Ubuntu 18.04 feature excites you the most? Don’t forget
to share your views with us.

Also Read: Ubuntu Wants To Collect Data About
Your System–Starting From 18.04 LTS

How To Install KDE Plasma Mobile On Your Android Smartphone?

kde plasma mobile

New Linux-based mobile operating systems and hardware projects
have been making numerous headlines in the recent months.
Projects like postmarketOS, Plasma Mobile, Librem 5, etc., have managed
to gain momentum and support of open source community.

To give you a rough idea of how things are going on the Plasma
Mobile land, its developers have shared two methods
(Via: Softpedia) to test
Plasma Mobile on an actual Android smartphone. In a previous
post, they also shared virtual machine images of the OS.

So, let’s tell you how you can install KDE Plasma Mobile on
your smartphone. It goes without saying that these projects are
in development phase and they might not be suitable for primary

Try Plasma Mobile using postmarketOS:

As said above, postmarketOS development is gaining traction.
This Alpine Linux-based distribution offers Plasma Mobile as an
available user interface choice.

You can visit postmarketOS wiki
to know about the supported devices and installation
instructions. While following the instructions, don’t forget to
select ‘plasma-mobile’ as the user interface.

It’s worth noting that postmarketOS offers Plasma Mobile on
devices running mainline kernel instead of the pre-installed
older kernel.

kde plasma mobileImage: KDE

Halium + KDE neon-based rootfs:

For those who don’t know, Halium lets you add a minimal
Android layer to interact with underlying Android kernel and
hardware using a non-Android graphical environment.

With the help of Neon-based rootfs provided by Plasma team, you
can give Plasma Mobile a try. The development team
provides a Halium source manifest that one can use to build

You can find all the relevant and useful links on this page and
try out Plasma Mobile on Android smartphone.

Also Read: Linux On Nintendo Switch?
Hackers Show That It’s Possible

Open Source Turns 20 Years Old: How This Term Came Into Existence?

Netscape released the source code for its Netscape Communicator
web browser 20 years ago, a discussion was sparked in the
developer community. A new term was being sought that could
appropriately explain this stuff. A related term, “free
software,” existed but its seeming focus on price confused the

For the first time, on February 3rd, 1998 in Palo Alto, the
term Open Source was coined by Christine Peterson, who was
executive director at Foresight Institute.

Christine Peterson has recently shared her unpublished
of how she came up with the term and how she
proposed it. “Oldtimers must then launch into an explanation,
usually given as follows: “We mean free as in freedom, not free
as in beer.”,” she writes in her account.

As per Peterson, after Eric Raymond’s meeting with
Netscape, he took Foresight’s help to strategize and
refine their message. During that meeting itself on Feb 3rd,
Peterson, who believed the need for a clearer term to describe
such code, came up with the term Open Source Software.

Later that week, in another meeting on February 5, 1998,
with the help of Todd Anderson, she was able to gather
some kind of consensus around the open source name. “These were
some key leaders in the community, and they liked the new name,
or at least didn’t object.”

The Open Source Initiative was formed in following days.
People like Tim O’Reilly, Bruce Perens, and
others played a pivotal role in popularising the
term. Perens also adapted his Free Software Guidelines for
Debian GNU/Linux to serve as Open Source Definition (OSD).

Today, open source software and components are used in almost
all software and devices. What are your views on the importance
of open source? Share it and become a part of the discussion.

Also Read: What Is Open Source Hardware
And Why Should You Care?